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definition : anomalies

Anomaly may refer to:

==Astronomy== * In astronomy, an anomaly of an elliptical orbit, generally measured with respect to an apsis, usually the periapsis * Eccentric anomaly, an intermediate value used to compute the position of a celestial object as a function of time * Flyby anomaly, an unexpected energy increase during the flybys of the Earth by various satellites * Mean anomaly, a measure of time in the study of orbital dynamics * Pioneer anomaly, the observed deviation of the trajectories of some unmanned space probes, and especially Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 * South Atlantic Anomaly, an area where the Earth's inner Van Allen radiation belt comes closest to the Earth's surface * True anomaly, the angle between the direction of periapsis and the current position of an object on its orbit * Anomalous precession, another term for "apsidal precession"


===Natural=== * Anomaly (natural sciences) ** Atmospheric anomaly ** Geophysical anomaly

===Medical=== * Congenital anomaly, popularly referred to as a birth defect, a disorder present at birth, the result of an inherited gene mutation, an error during morphogenesis or fetal development, or an environmental factor ** Physical anomaly, a deformation of an anatomical structure *** Congenital vertebral anomaly, any of several malformations of the spine in animals and infants *** Collie eye anomaly, a congenital, inherited, bilateral eye disease of dogs involving the retina, choroid, and sclera *** Coronary artery anomaly, a congenital abnormality in the coronary anatomy of the heart *** Ebstein's anomaly, a congenital heart defect in which the opening of the tricuspid valve is displaced towards the right ventricle of the heart *** Uhl anomaly, a very rare congenital heart disease with a partial or total loss of the myocardial muscle in the right ventricle *** Vaginal anomalies, common, rare and congenital abnormal or the absence of the vagina


* Anomalous (a species of moth in the Noctuid family) ** Genetic anomaly, a disorder whose ultimate cause is a genetic or chromosomal mutation ** Chromosome anomaly, a disorder whose ultimate cause involves a structural error in a chromosome or an atypical number of chromosomes * Teratology, the study of all developmental anomalies

===Physics=== * Anomaly (physics), a failure of a symmetry of a theory's classical action * Conformal anomaly, a quantum phenomenon that breaks the conformal symmetry of the classical theory * Chiral anomaly, an anomalous nonconservation of a chiral current * Gauge anomaly, the effect of quantum mechanics that invalidates the gauge symmetry of a quantum field theory * Global anomaly, an anomaly in quantum physics * Gravitational anomaly, an effect in quantum mechanics that invalidates the general covariance of some theories of general relativity * Mixed anomaly, an effect in quantum mechanics * Parity anomaly, an anomaly that is associated with parity * Konishi anomaly, the violation of the conservation of the Noether current associated with certain transformations * Anomalons, some odd particle interactions that are seen in some high-energy physics * Anomalous dispersion (optics), when the speed of an electromagnetic wave increases with increasing frequency


===Fictional entities=== * Anomaly, a rift in the space-time continuum in the television series Futurama * Anomaly, any shortcut to hyperspace travel in Robert Heinlein's novels of the 1950s, today called wormholes * Anomaly (comics), a villain in DC Comics * Anomaly (Primeval), a time portal in the TV series Primeval * The Tycho Magnetic Anomaly (TMA) on the Moon in the novel and in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey by Sir Arthur C. Clarke and Stanley Kubrick

===Video games=== * Anomaly: Warzone Earth, a real time strategy video game ** Anomaly Korea ** Anomaly 2

===Publications=== * The Anomalies, a 2003 novel by Joey Goebel * Anomaly (series), a 2013 trilogy by Krista McGee * Anomaly (graphic novel), a graphic novel by Brian Haberlin

===Music=== ====Albums==== * Anomaly (Ace Frehley album), a 2009 album by Ace Frehley * Anomalies (album), a 2005 album by Cephalic Carnage * Anomaly (The Hiatus album), a 2010 album by The Hiatus * Anomaly (Lecrae album), a 2014 album by Lecrae * Anomalies, Vol. 1, a compilation album by the American rock band Cave In

====Songs==== * "Anna Molly" (a word play on the word "anomaly"), a song by Incubus * "An Anomaly", a 2007 song by It Prevails from the album The Inspiration * "The Anomaly", a 2011 song by Scar Symmetry from the album The Unseen Empire * "Anomaly", a 2012 song by KB from the album Weight & Glory

===Other uses in culture=== * The Fortean anomaly, as in the work of Charles Fort * Spatial anomaly, a broad term in the Star Trek dramas and other works of science fiction for any sort of extraordinary disruption in the space-time continuum * "Anomaly" (Star Trek: Enterprise), a 2003 episode of Star Trek: Enterprise * The Anomaly, a 2014 film

==Technology== * Anomaly detection, the process of detecting anomalies from the other, relevant data * Anomaly in software, anything that differs from expectations, whether the expectations resulted from documentation, experiences, or otherwise

==Business== * Market anomaly, a distortion in prices in a financial market * Anomaly (communications agency), a marketing communications agency based in New York

==Other uses== * Anomalistics, the study of scientific anomalies * Ararat anomaly, an object on Mount Ararat in Turkey that some have claimed to be the remains of Noah's Ark

==See also== * Irregular (disambiguation) * Outlier * *

Texte soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article de Wikipédia

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