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definition : simpleton

In folklore, a simpleton is a person whose foolish actions are the subject of often-repeated stories. Simpletons are also known as noodles, fools, and gothamites. Folklore often holds, with no basis in fact, that certain towns or countries are thought to be home to large numbers of simpletons. The ancient Greeks told tales of stupid populations in Abdera and other cities; in Germany, men of Schilda are conspicuous in these stories; in Spain hundreds of jokes exist about the supposed foolishness of the people from Lepe; and in England, the village of Gotham in Nottinghamshire is reputed to be populated by simpletons. In Sri Lanka whole districts in the central, southern, and western provinces are credited with being the abode of foolish people.

Tales of simpleton behavior have often been collected into books, and early joke books include many simpleton jokes. In ancient Greece, Hierokles created such a collection. In England, the famous Joe Miller's Jests is highly inclusive of simpleton jokes. In Britain the Irish are often stereotyped as stupid and are the butt of An Englishman, an Irishman and a Scotsman jokes. Books of simpleton tales exist in Persia, Ireland, Turkey, Iceland, Japan, Sicily, and India.

A famous one from ancient Greece is

A man's father having died, the son dutifully took the body to the embalmers. When he returned at the appointed time to take it, there happened to be a number of bodies in the same place, so he was asked if his father had any peculiarity by which his body might be recognised, and the simpleton replied, "He had a cough."

==See also== *Fools of Chelm *Jester *Lightbulb joke *Molbo story *Polish joke *Wise Men of Gotham *Fool (stock character)


==Further reading== *

==External links== *[ The Book of Noodles: Stories of Simpletons; or, Fools and Their Follies] *[ The Merry Tales of the Wise Men of Gotham] *[ The Burgers of Schilda] *[ Joe Miller's Jests (1739)]

Category:Folklore Category:Stock characters Category:Pejorative terms for people

Texte soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article de Wikipédia

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